Orthopedics is a branch of medicine that focuses on the musculoskeletal system. The musculoskeletal system involves the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Orthopedics takes both a nonsurgical and surgical approach to treating musculoskeletal injuries and disorders. A sub-specialty of orthopedics that focuses on the musculoskeletal system involving the foot and ankle is podiatry.
There are a variety of conditions that involve the foot and ankle that require an orthopedic approach. These include:
Injections of steroids or Synvisc, Supartz into painful joints quite effective for chronic knee pain as well as as well as all the joints. Injections could be given using ultrasound guidance and C-arm x-ray guidance for better placement of the medicine into the joint
With proper treatment, many times an ankle and foot condition does not require surgery. Some non-surgical treatments include:
When a non-surgical approach fails to treat the problem, then surgery may be necessary. Some surgeries that can be performed are: